Archana v. State of West Bengal

The Cyber Blog IndiaCase Summary

Quashing of FIR under Section 482 for abusing the process of law

Dr Archana v. State of West Bengal
In the High Court of Calcutta
CRR 1232/2019
Before Justice Shivakant Prasad
Decided on March 18, 2021

Relevancy of the Case: Quashing of FIR under Section 482 for abusing the process of law

Statutes and Provisions Involved

  • The Information Technology Act, 2000 (Section 43, 66, 66B, 66E, 67, 67A, 72)
  • The Indian Penal Code, 1860 (Section 120B, 167, 182, 173, 193, 465, 466, 468, 471, 501, 509)
  • The Telegraphs Act, 1885 (Section 21, 26)

Relevant Facts of the Case

  • The husband, in this case, filed an FIR. He accused the petitioner of forging and cheating evidence. The petitioner had presented this evidence against him in a previous case between the paties.
  • The petitioner has approached the court to quash this FIR as it has delayed the trial in two other cases against the husband. The husband is accused of having a bigamous relationship and torturing the petitioner.

Prominent Arguments by the Advocates

  • The petitioner’s counsel relied on the case of Maksud Saiyed v State of Gujarat & Ors. (2008(5) SCC 668) to argue that a Magistrate has to apply his mind and proper reasoning while deciding under Section 156(3).
  • The respondent’s counsel submitted that the court can quash an FIR under Section 482 but with a note of caution and only in the rarest of the rare cases.

Opinion of the Bench

  • The bench took notes from the case of Dinesh Dutt Joshi v State of Rajasthan (2001) 8 SCC 570.

Final Decision

  • The court quashed the FIR.
  • Moreover, the court issued directions for the police to enter every FIR of cognizable nature in the General Diary Book without any delay.

T S VS Nivedita, a postgraduate student at O.P. Jindal University, prepared this case summary during her association with The Cyber Blog India in January 2022.